Menstrual Cycle - Which Hormones Regulate Menstrual Cycle

What is Menstrual Cycle? Which Hormones Regulate Menstrual Cycle?

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Welcome, curious minds and fierce spirits, to the captivating realm of menstruation!

Whether you're an early menstruator embarking on this incredible journey or a curious soul eager to understand more about periods, this guide is here to unravel the mysteries and empower you with knowledge!

Now, we get it. Talking about periods can sometimes be met with discomfort or confusion, but fear not!

We're about to embark on a conversational and inclusive exploration that celebrates the wonders of the human body and embraces the beauty of menstruation.

Throughout this guide, we'll navigate the twists and turns of the menstrual cycle, decode the secrets of the flow, and debunk myths that have lingered for far too long.

We'll delve into topics like PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome), choosing the correct period products, and embracing self-care during this time of the month.

But wait, it doesn't stop there! We'll also touch upon the importance of period positivity and how we can create a supportive environment for menstruators while inviting non-menstruators to join the conversation and foster understanding.

So, whether you're an early menstruator ready to embrace this new chapter or someone looking to broaden their horizons, fasten your seatbelts and get ready for an informative, engaging, and lighthearted journey through the world of menstruation.

Let's dive in and demystify the fascinating and beautiful world of periods together!

What is Menstruation?

It is a monthly occurrence that marks a remarkable cycle within the bodies of individuals assigned the gender female at birth. Each month, our bodies prepare for the possibility of creating new life.

The uterus, a remarkable organ inside the pelvis, readies itself by building a soft, nurturing lining in anticipation of a fertilized egg. When conception doesn't occur, this lining gracefully sheds itself, which releases blood and tissue through the vagina.

Hormones are like the main buddies in the fascinating world of the menstrual cycle. They play the lead roles and work together to create the magic inside our bodies.

Which hormones regulate menstrual cycle?

  1. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH): This hormone takes the stage and helps the eggs in the ovaries grow and develop.
  1. Luteinizing Hormone (LH): Enter LH, the scene-stealer! It triggers the release of the mature egg during ovulation.
  1. Estrogen: Here comes the superstar! Estrogen takes the spotlight, thickening the uterus lining and assisting sperm movement.
  1. Progesterone: Last but not least, the supporting actor Progesterone steps in. It supports the uterus lining and prepares it for a potential pregnancy.

These hormones work together to organize the menstrual cycle. 

They set the stage for possible pregnancy, and if it doesn't happen, the curtain falls, and menstruation begins.

It's necessary to recognize that menstruation is a normal, natural, and healthy part of life. 

It is a fantastic example of the extraordinary capabilities of our bodies. 

While it can come with its fair share of challenges and discomfort, it is also a reminder of the resilience and strength residing within us.

It's a time of self-reflection, self-care, and honoring the beautiful connection we have with our bodies.

Also read: How to dispose of sanitary pads?

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

PMS, the not-so-glamorous sidekick that comes knocking every month.

Picture this: your hormones are doing their funky dance, and suddenly you find yourself dealing with physical and emotional symptoms right before your period. 

That's PMS, short for premenstrual syndrome. 

But hold on, not all women (or menstruators) have to put up with this unwelcome visitor.

So, why does PMS crash the party for some folks? 

Well, blame it on those hormone buddies of ours. You see, estrogen and progesterone, the main actors in this show, love to go up and down during your menstrual cycle. 

And their rollercoaster ride can throw your body and mood for a loop. Cue the bloating, tender breasts, mood swings, and inexplicable fatigue. But here's the thing: PMS is a different experience for everyone.

Some lucky souls barely feel a thing, while others deal with a full-on whirlwind of symptoms.

It's like a personalized concert.

Oh, and guess what? PMS isn't exclusive to women or those assigned the female gender at birth. It can visit people of different gender identities too!

Now, if you find yourself in the PMS club, don't fret. 

It's all part of the grand menstrual cycle. 

Embrace self-care like a boss. Treat yourself to activities that make you smile, prioritize your beauty sleep, and nourish your body with good stuff. And hey, don't be afraid to lean on your support squad for some much-needed TLC.

But listen up, if your PMS symptoms turn into a full-blown circus act and start taking center stage in your life, it's time to call in the professionals.

Reach out to a healthcare superhero who can provide guidance and support.

They'll help you find ways to manage those pesky symptoms and get you back to enjoying the show.

So, the next time PMS knocks on your door, show it who's boss. 

Embrace the ups and downs, ride the wave, and remember it's just a temporary visitor.  Keep calm, indulge in some self-care, and know that you're not alone in this wild ride.

PMS may have its quirks, but you've got the power to dance through it all. 

Let the show go on!

How to Navigate through Periods: Selfcare, Support and More

With Periods being a sensitive phase for menstruators, it only seems fitting that they deserve the best treatment in the world!

Let's dive into some self-care tips and ways you can be a rockstar supporter for your menstruating family members:

Listen to your body.

If you need rest, take it if possible. The work may never pause, but it’s good to stop for yourself sometimes.

Treat yourself to nourishing period foods and stay hydrated. 

And hey, don't forget to engage in activities that make you feel all warm and fuzzy inside!

Whether it's yoga, an emotionally charged movie, or curling up with your favourite book and a cup of hot chocolate, do what comforts you.

Read more: How to maintain healthy reproductive system?

Now, non-menstruators, you can be a superhero too!

Start by providing emotional support.

Understand that hormones can bring a rollercoaster of emotions, so lend a listening ear, offer encouragement, and let them know you've got their back.

Make sure they feel safe expressing their feelings without any judgment. We're all in this together!

Practical support is also essential.

Keep a stash of menstrual supplies handy. Stock up on pads, tampons, or other preferred products to ensure they're easily accessible.

If your family member needs supplies or medications, offer to help out.

Oh, and creating a cozy and private space for their needs? Total bonus points!

Educate. Learn about the biological processes, common challenges, and unique experiences people may have during menstruation.

It's all about empathy, understanding, and ditching those insensitive remarks.

Let's create an environment where everyone feels comfortable and accepted, no matter what their body goes through.

And normalize conversations!

Break down those barriers and stigma.

Encourage open discussions about menstruation within your family. Let's make it a topic to discuss freely and without embarrassment. It's time to foster understanding and inclusivity.

Read more: Find perfect tampon size

Choosing the Perfect Period Care Product

Congratulations! You're finally welcome in the world of periods, where we celebrate the beauty of menstruation and provide a safe space for both menstruators and non-menstruators to explore and understand this natural phenomenon.

When it comes to managing your period, there is a wide range of menstrual care products available to cater to your unique needs.

From pads and tampons to menstrual cups and period panties, each product offers its benefits.

Organic pads provide reliable protection and come in various sizes and absorbencies to suit different flows. They’re typically placed on the underwear where the blood is absorbed outside the body.

Organic tampons, on the other hand, offer discreet and comfortable wear, with options for different flow intensities.

It is inserted in the vaginal canal physically (or through an assisted applicator) to absorb blood within the body.

Menstrual cups are eco-friendly, reusable, and provide longer-lasting protection.

Being highly sustainable and with high capacity, it is a rage in a menstrual world where it is safe, discrete and comfortable.

The cup is inserted through the vaginal canal. The vacuum created by the suction between the wall and the cup helps collect blood flow within the body.

To choose the correct period product, consider factors like your flow intensity, comfort level, activity level, and personal preferences.

It's essential to find a product that fits well and allows you to move freely without discomfort.

Research each product in detail, read reviews, and consider trying out different options to determine what works best for you.

Remember, everyone's period experience is unique, and what works for someone else may not necessarily work for you.

So, don't be afraid to explore, experiment, and find the menstrual care product that makes you feel most comfortable and confident during your period.

Your comfort and well-being should always be the priority.

Read more: How to use a tampon?


We've covered the basics, but remember, this is just the beginning. 

Take the time to do your research on different period care products.

There's a whole world out there! Find what suits you best and makes you feel comfortable. It's your journey, and you choose what's right for you.

So, let's be supportive, and understanding, and create a safe space for everyone.

Together, we can promote menstrual health and ensure that everyone feels empowered and comfortable during their period adventures. 

You're fantastic, and we're here for you every step of the way!

Also read: Why use organic pads?